Thermal Analysis of Granulometry Selected Wood Dust Particles

Iveta Marková, Emilia Hroncova, Jan Tomaskin, Ivana Turekova

Abstract


Wood dust is generated as a by-product of machining. This paper discusses the granulometric analysis of selected samples of wood-settled dust from spruce (Picea abies L.), fir (Abies alba Mill.), oak (Quercus petraea Liebl.), beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), and alder (Alnus glutinosa L.). It also includes a sample of a mixture from timber production grinders in order to select the percentages of the various fractions (32 μm, 63 μm, 80 μm, 125 μm, 250 μm, 500 μm, 1000 μm, 2000 μm) of wood dust samples. Wood dust samples were made using a hand orbital sander and sized on an automatic mesh vibratory sieve machine. Comparison of the resulting granulometric fractions’ contributions to wood sanding dust was confirmed by the particle size. This paper presents selected characteristics of the chosen wood dusts by the size of particle dust fractions on the base of continual thermal loading. Thermal properties of wood dust samples were characterized by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The TGA results indicated different thermal degradation fractions of the wood dust samples during thermal loading. The wood dust consisted mainly of fractions of 80 µm, 32 µm, and < 32 µm. These fractions of all wood dusts species presented more than 70.00% of the sample (alder dust has more 80% of sample). Thermal characteristics were not confirmed by the particle size and different wood dust.

Keywords


Wood dust samples; Granulometric analysis of dust samples; TGA analysis

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126