OPTIMIZATION AND COMPARISION OF DILUTE ACID PRETREATMENT OF SELECTED AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES FOR RECOVERY OF XYLOSE

Ozlem Akpinar, Okan Levent, Serdal Sabanci, Reyhan Selin Uysal, Burcu Sapci

Abstract


Two different agricultural wastes, sunflower stalk and tobacco stalk, were evaluated for the production of xylose, which can be used as a raw material and converted to xylitol, a highly valued product. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of H2SO4 concentration, temperature, and reaction time on the production of sugars (xylose, glucose, and arabinose), and on the reaction by-products (furfural and acetic acid) from sunflower stalk and tobacco stalk and to compare the hydrolysis conditions of these wastes. Since both agricultural wastes had different structures, they had different responses to experimental conditions. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the hydrolysis process in order to obtain high xylose yield and selectivity. The optimum reaction temperature, reaction time and acid concentration were 120 oC, 30 min and 4% of acid concentration for sunflower stalk and 133 oC, 27 min and 4.9% of acid concentration for tobacco stalk.

Keywords


Xylose; Xylitol; Sunflower stalk; Tobacco stalk; Optimization

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126