SYNTHESIS OF GUAR GUM-GRAFT-POLY(ACRYLAMIDE-CO-DIALLYLDIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE) AND ITS APPLICATION IN THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY

Douglas McLean, Vipul Agarwal, Karen Ruth Stack, James Horne, Des Richardson

Abstract


The synthesis and characterization of a novel fixative, guar gum-graft-poly(acrylamide-co-diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (GG-g-p(AM-co-DADMAC)) polymer is described. The grafted polymer proved to be effective at adsorbing hydrophobic wood resin particles onto papermaking fibre surfaces, thus removing wood resins from the water phase where they have a tendency to aggregate and form troublesome deposits. The new polymer combines the colloidal stabilising features of a natural product, guar gum, and the wood resin fixative properties of a synthetic polymer p(AM-co-DADMAC). GG-g-p(AM-co-DADMAC was effective over the entire pH range as compared to other commercially available polymeric fixatives that were evaluated.

Keywords


Grafted co-polymer; Guar gum; Papermaking; Poly(acrylamide-co-diallyldimethylammonium chloride; pDADMAC; Wood resin fixatives

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126