SUBERIN COMPOSITION FROM DIFFERENT BARK LAYERS OF QUERCUS SUBER L. BY PY-GC/MS IN THE PRESENCE OF TETRAMETHYLAMMONIUM HYDROXIDE (TMAH)

M. Àngels Olivella, J. C. del Rio

Abstract


In previous studies we found significant differences in the suberin content with respect to the bark layer of Quercus suber samples. In this study the monomer composition of suberin from the two bark layers (i.e., back and cork) of three provenances (Extremadura, Castile-la Mancha, and Portugal) was investigated using pyrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The major compounds released were octadec-9-enedioic acid, docosanedioic acid, and 9,10-epoxyocta-decanedioic acid with mean values of 17%, 14.5%, and 11%, respectively. The former is more abundant in back than in cork, and the latter in cork than in back with mean differences, in terms of percentages, between the back and cork of 4.3 ± 0.81 and 2.2 ± 0.52, respectively.

Keywords


Quercus suber; Suberin; Pyrolysis GC-MS; Tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH)

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