RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY APPLIED TO LACCASES ACTIVITIES EXHIBITED BY STENOTROPHOMONAS MALTOPHILIA AAP56 IN DIFFERENT GROWTH CONDITIONS

Said Galai, Youssef Touhami, Med Nejib Marzouki

Abstract


Stenotrophomonas maltophilia AAP56, laccase-producing bacteria, growing under different conditions, exhibit laccase activity that is highly affected by some environmental factors. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for the determination of laccase factor dependence using two substrates: ABTS (2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) and DMP (2,6 Dimethoxy-phenol). RSM was carried out with a 24 factorial design using four variables, namely, dye (0 to 0.1 mg mL-1), Cu in Med (0 to 400 µM), shaking (0 to 150 rpm), and CuSO4 in assay (0 to 0.2 mM). Significant correlation between the effects of these variables on R1 (ABTS oxidase activity) and R2 (DMP oxidase activity) responses was detected. Astonishing results showed differences between these two activities with respect to copper activity dependence. Anoxic conditions exhibited a significant ability to induce the enzyme. This bacterial laccase activity (produced under optimal conditions according to RSM) was used to decolorize an azoic dye, Reactive Black 5 (RB5). It was efficient only in the presence of a redox mediator to degrade RB5 after 20 min of incubation time.

Keywords


Laccase; Decolorization; Response surface methodology; Experimental design; Reactive Black 5

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126