A COMBINATION OF POLYETHYLENIMINE AND PHENOLIC RESIN AS AN ADHESIVE FOR WOOD-BASED PANELS

Olaf Georg Treusch, Alexander Petutschnigg

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to develop a low-formaldehyde-emitting resin system for medium density fibreboards (MDF). A combination of polyamines with phenolic resins seems to be suitable for this purpose. To produce panels with such a resin system, polyethylenimine, and a phenolic resin were separately applied on fibres and subsequently made into boards in a thermal pressing process. It was demonstrated that thickness swelling and the mechanical properties of the boards produced with the new adhesive system were comparable to those conventionally manufactured with urea-formaldehyde resins. Even with adhesive contents of just 2 to 3%, the panels attained satisfactory internal bond strength. MDF panels with a total adhesive content of between 1.25 and 5% were produced from a mixture of polyethylenimine and phenolic resins (resol type) at different ratios. All boards were tested for physical (thickness swelling and water absorption) and mechanical properties (internal bond, modulus of elasticity, flexural strength). It was demonstrated that thickness swelling and the mechanical properties of the boards produced can be improved by a combination of polyethylenimine and phenolic resin.

Keywords


Novel adhesives; Phenolic resin; Adhesive for wood

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126