EFFECT OF ENZYME TREATMENT ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WOOD CELL WALLS BY NANOINDENTATION

Yang Zhang, Yu-Jie Meng, Yan Wu, Si-Qun Wang, Guan-Ben Du, Hua Jiang, Zhao-Bing Zhou

Abstract


The objective of this research was to study the changes in hardness and elastic modulus of wood cell walls treated with enzymes. Such changes greatly influence the properties of paper and wood composites. Two enzymes, hemicellulase and lipase, were selected for the treatment. Poplar samples (Populus euramevicana) were treated with hemicellulase, while samples of southern yellow pine (Pinus spp.) and Mongolia scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris L. var. mongolica Litv.) were treated with lipase. Mechanical properties of both treated samples were investigated by nanoindentation. The results showed some changes in the hardness and elastic modulus of the poplar cell wall treated by hemicellulase. Hardness and elastic modulus values of southern yellow pine and Mongolia scotch pine cell walls treated by lipase decreased with increasing amounts of the enzyme.

Keywords


Cell wall; Enzyme; Mechanical properties; Nanoindentation

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126