OPTIMIZATION OF EXTRACTION OF PHENOLIC ANTIOXIDANTS FROM TEA (CAMELLIA SINENSIS L.) FRUIT PEEL BIOMASS USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

Ping Xu, Jinsong Bao, Junjie Gao, Tao Zhou, Yuefei Wang

Abstract


Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) fruit peel, the main byproduct during the manufacture of tea seed oil, was used as raw material for the recovery of phenolic antioxidants. The effect of ethanol concentration, extraction time, and extraction temperature on total phenolic content (TPC) and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) of the extracts from tea fruit peel was investigated. The maximum predicted TPC (47.5 mg GAE/g dry peel) was obtained under the optimum recovery conditions (43% ethanol, 60°C, and 33 min) given by using response surface methodology (RSM). A high correlation (R2 = 0.929, p < 0.01) between TPC and FRAP value was identified by linear regression analysis. Furthermore, gallocatechin (GC) and epigallocatechin (EGC) were found to be the major individual catechins in the extracts from tea fruit peel. Ethanol/aqueous extraction has been presented as an effective method for the recovery of phenolic antioxidants from tea fruit peel.

Keywords


Tea fruit peel; Phenolic compounds; Antioxidants; Recovery; Optimization

Full Text: Untitled PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126