KRAFT PULPING CHARACTERISTICS OF THREE MOROCCAN EUCALYPTI. PART 2. COMPARISON OF THE GUAIACYL FRACTION OF THE NATIVE LIGNINS BY A NOVEL METHOD

Ericka F. Alves, Raymond C. Francis, Badr. Barcha, Mohammed El Moussaouiti

Abstract


In Part 1 of this series it was observed that one of the eucalypti (EGC 39) was more reactive than the other two in kraft and soda-AQ (SAQ) cooking. However, the lignin in EGC 39 contained equal or less syringyl (S) units than the other two eucalypti. In the present research an attempt was made to compare the guaiacyl (G) fraction of the three lignins. The approach was to use SAQ treatment to cleave β-O-4 bonds in dimeric units containing uncondensed guaiacyl A-rings (those rearranging to quinone methides). The coniferyl alcohol, vinylguaiacol and isoeugenol generated from β-O-4 cleavage are then trapped as dimers by ethylguaiacol that is included in the SAQ liquor. Research with sugar maple (Acer saccharum) showed that the estimate of these structures (uncondensed G-β-O-4) by this approach was in close agreement with traditional but more tedious methods such as permanganate oxidation and 31P NMR. It was also shown that the lignin in the EGC 39 hybrid contained a higher concentration of uncondensed G-β-O-4 structures than the other two eucalypti lignins.

Keywords


Eucalyptus; Sugar maple; Alkaline pulping; Quinone methide; Uncondensed structures

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