STUDIES ON BIOSORPTION OF NICKEL USING IMMOBILIZED FUNGUS, RHIZOMUCOR TAURICUS

Kishore Kumar Kadimpati, M. Krishna Prasad, B. Sarada, Ch. V. R. Murthy

Abstract


Rhizomucor tauricus, an industrial fungus, was immobilized in sodium alginate and used as adsorbent for the removal of nickel from aqueous solutions. The biosorption capacity of Ni(II) was found to be 394 mg/g of immobilized biomass. It was observed that an increase in pH from 3 to 6 increased the percent adsorption, and an increase in liquid-to-solid ratio from 2 to 10 increased the metal uptake. The percent adsorption was increased when increasing the initial metal concentration from 25 to 100 mg/L. The equilibrium biosorption data was evaluated by Langmuir, Freundlich, and Langmuir-Freundlich (L-R) isotherm models, and was best described by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. FTIR analysis revealed that –NH (bending), C–H (stretching), C=O (stretching), and –OH functional groups were mainly responsible for Ni(II) biosorption. Thus, this study demonstrated that the immobilized Rhizomucor tauricus biomass could be used as an adsorbent for the treatment of Ni(II) from aqueous solution.

Keywords


Rhizomucor tauricus; Fungus; Immobilization; Isotherms; FTIR

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