PANELS MADE FROM GIANT REED BONDED WITH NON-MODIFIED STARCHES

Clara Eugenia Ferrández-García, Javier Andreu-Rodríguez, María Teresa Ferrández-García, Manuel Ferrández-Villena, Teresa García-Ortuño

Abstract


Panels were made from Arundo donax L. particles bonded with different non-modified starches as adhesive without chemical additives by hot-pressing at a low temperature (110 ºC) and pressure (2.6 N/mm2). The experimental panels were tested for their physical and mechanical properties according to the procedures defined by the European Union (EN) Standard. The microstructure of samples was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Panels manufactured with potato starch had the highest modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity, meeting the standard for load bearing (grade P4 for indoor use in dry ambient) (EN 312: 2003). Panels made with corn starch and wheat flour, at a 10% level and three pressing cycles met the standard for general uses (grade P1). Panel bonded with rye bran flour achieved the best internal bond strentgh. The water resistance was poor and needs to be improved.

Keywords


Giant reed; SEM; Eco-friendly particleboard; Formaldehyde-free; Starch; Microstructure; Silica bodies

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126