IMPROVEMENTS OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SPECULAR GLOSS OF POLYURETHANE BY MODIFIED NANOCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE

Hao Zhang, Ying She, Shuping Song, Heyu Chen, Junwen Pu

Abstract


In this study, the optical and mechanical properties of polyurethane were improved by modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). The surface of NCC was modified by 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and 3-methacryloxy-propyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) to overcome the lack of compatibility with polyurethane. Polyurethane with modified NCC was characterized by wetting property, X-ray powder diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. The pencil hardness, specular gloss, and abrasion resistance of modified polyurethane were determined using the methods of Chinese National Standards GB/T 6739-2006, GB/T 9754-2007, and GB/T 1768-2006. The wetting property of NCC modified by GPTMS increased by 25.9%, and modification from MPS resulted in a 22.5% decrease of the contact angle. MPS-modified NCC affected the crystal structure and thermal stability of polyurethane more significantly than NCC modified by GPTMS. The pencil hardness of polyurethane was enhanced with 1.5% modified NCC. The specular gloss and abrasion resistance of modified polyurethane increased by 253.1% (1.0% NCC modified by GPTMS) and 59.4% (1.5% NCC modified by GPTMS), respectively. MPS-modified NCC led to the inconspicuous improvements.

Keywords


Polyurethane; Nanocrystalline cellulose; Wetting property; Specular gloss; Abrasion resistance

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