The Industrial Applicability of Purified Cellulase Complex Indigenously Produced by Trichoderma viride Through Solid-State Bio-processing of Agro-Industrial and Municipal Paper Wastes

Muhammad Nasir Irshad, Zahid Anwar, Hamama Islam But, Amber Afroz, Nadia Ikram, Umer Rashid

Abstract


An indigenous strain of Trichoderma viride produced high titers of cellulase complex in solid-state bio-processing of agro-industrial orange peel waste, which was used as the growth-supporting substrate. When the conditions of the SSF medium containing 15 g orange peel (50% w/w moisture) inoculated with 5 mL of inoculum were optimal, the maximum productions of endoglucanase (655 ± 5.5 U/mL), exoglucanase (412 ± 4.3 U/mL), and β-glucosidase (515 ± 3.7 U/mL) were recorded after 4 days of incubation at pH 5 and 35 °C. The enzyme with maximum activity (endoglucanase) was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation and Sephadex G-100 column gel filtration chromatographic technique. Endoglucanase was 5.5-fold purified with specific activity of 498 U/mg in comparison to the crude enzyme. The enzyme was shown to have a molecular weight of 58 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulphate poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The shelf life profile revealed that the enzyme could be stored at room temperature (30 °C) for up to 45 days without losing much of its activity.

Keywords


Trichoderma viride; Cellulase; Agro-industrial residue; Municipal paper waste; Purification; SDS-PAGE; Shelf life

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