Application of Nondestructive Methods to Evaluate Mechanical Properties of 32-Year-Old Taiwan Incense Cedar (Calocedrus formosana) Wood

Chih-Ming Chiu, Chih-Hsien Lin, Te-Hsin Yang


The objective of this work was to assess the physical and mechanical properties of standing Taiwan incense cedar (Calocedrus formosana) using nondestructive techniques (NDT). In addition, the relationship between characteristics of standing trees and wood properties was established. Results indicated that the velocity values and bending properties decreased as tree height increased. In addition, velocity values of specimens were greater than those of logs and standing trees. After regressive analysis, the correlation coefficients (r) were 0.79 for standing trees and logs and 0.70 for logs and specimens. Not only the velocities measured by ultrasonic wave (Vu), tap tone (Vf), and vibration (Vt) methods, but dynamic MOE also correlated well with the static bending properties of specimens. In addition, the values of dynamic and static MOE showed the following trend: DMOEu > DMOEf > DMOEt > MOE. For all specimens, the r values were found to be 0.92 for MOE and DMOEt, and 0.75 for MOR and DMOEt. Therefore, it was assumed that the nondestructive testing methods can provide basic information about standing trees and specimens for future management practices and utilization of Taiwan incense cedar.


Calocedrus formosana; Nondestructive techniques; Ultrasonic wave method; Tap tone method; Vibration method

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