Assessment of Mechanical Properties of Wood-Leather Panels and the Differences in the Panel Structure by Means of X-Ray Computed Tomography

Stefanie Wieland, Tilman Grünewald, Sven Ostrowski, Bernhard Plank, Gernot Standfest, Brigitte Mies, Alexander Petutschnigg


Wet-white and wet-blue leather shavings were investigated as promising new raw materials as they seem to offer a high availability and cost competitiveness compared to wood, and they also show some interesting new properties. In order to determine a new field of application for the leather shavings and to understand the fiber particle interaction, boards with a density of 700 kg/m³ and a resin load of 12% were produced with varying contents of wood fibers, wet-blue and wet-white leather particles. These panel composites were characterized with regard to their internal bond, modulus of elasticity, and modulus of rupture. Furthermore, the micro-structure of selected panels was investigated by X-Ray computed tomography (CT). Different phases within the CT data were segmented using thresholding algorithms, and the pore size distribution of the panels was analyzed. A substantial difference was found between the panels produced due to the incorporation of leather particles. The internal bond strength increased with rising leather particle content, whereas other mechanical properties dropped. The CT analysis showed a huge difference in the pore size distribution and the number of pores for the different materials. This indicates that the differences visible in mechanical testing were induced by the different geometry of the constituents.


Wet-blue leather; Wet-white leather; MDF; Mechanical properties; X-Ray computed tomography; Pore size distribution

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126