Estimation of the Ratio of Vascular Bundles to Parenchyma Tissue in Oil Palm Trunks using NIR Spectroscopy

Hisashi Abe, Yoshinori Murata, Satoshi Kubo, Ken Watanabe, Ryohei Tanaka, Othman Sulaiman, Rokiah Hashim, Sitti Fatimah Mhd Ramle, Chunhua Zhang, Shuichi Noshiro, Yutaka Mori

Abstract


In order to use oil palm trunks more effectively, a new method was investigated to estimate the weight-based ratio of vascular bundles (VB) to parenchyma tissue (PT) in study materials taken from oil palm trunks, by using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy based on chemical analyses of the composition. The VB and PT were carefully separated by hand from oil palm trunks using a polarizing microscope to ensure purity, and then they were mixed at certain ratios. As the VB ratio was increased, extractives, lignin, hemicellulose, and starch contents decreased, while the alpha-cellulose content increased. By using NIR spectroscopy coupled with partial least squares regression analysis, we could predict the ratio of VB to PT with an accuracy of R2 = 0.99. Absorption peaks significantly affecting estimation were observed at 1929, 2104, 2276, and 2335 nm, which were assigned to the chemical compositions of cellulose and starch. The NIR absorbance is considered to reflect the ratio of VB to PT, according to the compositions of cellulose and starch in oil palm trunks.

Keywords


Oil palm; Vascular bundle; Parenchyma tissue; Chemical composition; Cellulose; NIR

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