Water-Based and Solvent-Based Stains: Impact on the Grain Raising in Yellow Birch

Véronic Landry, Pierre Blanchet, Lyne M. Cormier


Water-based finishes are slowly replacing solvent-based finishes in the wood industry. Wood grain raising is an important issue associated with the use of water-based stains. In this paper, water-based and solvent-based stains were applied on yellow birch veneers and hardwood samples that had been previously sanded. Grain raising phenomena were studied by profilometry and microscopy. This study demonstrated that the appearance of wood surfaces treated with water-based and solvent-based stains is affected by a number of factors, including grain raising, surface preparation quality, and substrate type. Main observations are: 1) the sanding method has an important role in the grain raising generation and finish quality; 2) profilometry experiments revealed that developed interfacial area parameter can provide valuable information, as it captures both grain roughness and small-scale roughness due to raised fiber fragments; 3) differences between sawn lumber and peeled veneer appeared minor, although the lumber exhibited less significant differences between water-based and solvent-based finishing systems; and 4) wood fragments on the wood surface would be difficult to eliminate.


Grain raising; Water-based stains; Profilometry; Wood surface preparation; Fibre fragments

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126