Analysis of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Laminated Veneer Lumber

Bing Xue, Yingcheng Hu


In this paper, four different nondestructive testing (NDT) methods and static bending tests were done on poplar (Populus ussuriensis Kom.) and birch (Betula platyphylla Suk.) Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL). The effects of compression ratio on the modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) of LVL with vertical load and parallel load were investigated. There were four compression ratios: 8.1%, 18.3%, 26.5%, and 33.1%. The microscopic structure of LVL was analyzed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results showed a strong correlation between each dynamic Young’s modulus and the static MOR of LVL; the MOE and MOR of LVL changed with the increase of compression ratio. MOE and MOR were greatly increased when the compression ratio increased from 18.3% to 26.5%, and the microstructure of LVL changed greatly between different compression ratios by birch and poplar species.


Laminated veneer lumber (LVL); Compression ratio; Nondestructive testing (NDT); Mechanical properties; Microstructure; Birch; Poplar

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126