Biological Hydrogen Production from Starch Wastewater Using a Novel Up-flow Anaerobic Staged Reactor

Mahmoud Nasr, Ahmed Tawfik, Shinichi Ookawara, Masaaki Suzuki

Abstract


Continuous and batch tests were conducted to evaluate fermentative biohydrogen production from starch wastewater via a mesophillic up-flow anaerobic staged reactor (UASR). The effects of organic loading rate (OLR) and food to micro-organisms ratio (F/M) on hydrogen yield (HY) and hydrogen production rate (HPR) were investigated. The bioreactor was continuously operated at a constant hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 6.7 h. The optimal OLR and F/M ratios were 54 g-COD/L.d and 1.4 g-COD/g-VSS.d, respectively. The maximum HY and HPR were 1.87 mol-H2/mol-glucose and 246 mmol-H2/L.d, respectively. Batch experimental results indicated that the optimal initial cultivation pH ranged from 5.5 to 6.5 with a hydrogen potential (P) of 1435-1420 mL-H2, while the initial substrate concentration of 20 g-starch/L showed a maximum HPR (Rm) of 300 mL-H2/h. Zero, 1st and 2nd order kinetic studies were used to develop a model of the experimental data. The 2nd order model adequately fitted with the experimental results (R2>0.97) better than those for a zero- or a 1st order kinetic reaction.

Keywords


Bio-energy; High strength organic wastewater; Optimum condition for anaerobic treatment; F/M ratio

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126