Drying Biomass for Energy Use of Eucalyptus urophylla and Corymbia citriodora Logs

Antônio José Vinha Zanuncio, Thiago Campos Monteiro, José Tarcisio Lima, Hélder Bolognani Andrade, Amélia Guimarães Carvalho

Abstract


Brazil is the world’s largest producer of charcoal, mainly for the steel industry. Fresh wood has high moisture content, which reduces its use for energy. Thereby, drying is a fundamental step for charcoal production. This work aimed to determine longitudinal variation in stem diameter, wood basic density, moisture content, and calorific value of Eucalyptus urophylla and Corymbia citriodora logs. These logs were taken from different longitudinal positions on the trees and dried for 90 d; the net calorific value was determined based on the gross calorific value and moisture content. Curves and models were generated based on this data for moisture content and net calorific value during the 90-d period. The logs from the base and middle of C. citriodora trees had lower initial moisture content, and, after 90 d of drying, all logs from the top reached the equilibrium moisture. Drying the logs increased the wood calorific value, with an increase of 49.36%, 63.86%, and 85.98% for those of the base, middle, and top, respectively. The models generated had a high coefficient of determination and a low standard error.

Keywords


Gross and net calorific values; Growth; Moisture content; Wood density

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126