Refining of Soda-AQ, Kraft-AQ, and Ethanol Pulps from Orange Tree Wood

Zoilo González, Alejandro Rodriguez, Fátima Vargas, Luis Jiménez


The pulp yield of orange tree wood was tested under various conditions including processing with soda-anthraquinone (soda-AQ), kraft-anthraquinone (kraft-AQ), or ethanol under different temperature, time, reagent concentration, and PFI laboratory beater beating regimes. Beating grade and stretch properties were studied, with a view to identifying the optimum operating conditions. Polynomial equations were derived that generally reproduced the dependent variables, with errors in most cases much less than 20%. Kraft-AQ pulping was the most efficient. The values of the tensile, burst, and tear indices obtained with kraft-AQ (78.04 Nm/g, 4.84 kN/g, and 2.97 mNm2/g, respectively), were in most cases higher than those found for soda-AQ and ethanol pulps. Using lower values of operational conditions than those required to maximize the studied paper properties (170 °C, 65 min, 13% active alkali, and 2700 number of PFI beating revolutions), it was possible to provide a more energy- and chemically-efficient process for industrial facilities.


Orange tree wood; Soda-anthraquinone; Kraft-anthraquinone; Ethanol; Pulp refining

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