Influence of Anionic Trash Catcher Pretreatment on the Effectiveness of Dry Strengthening Agent

Lijun Wang, Yiqian Zhang


Cationic dry strength agents (DSAs) are commonly used for paper strengthening. However, before they are applied, another chemical called an anionic trash catcher (ATC) is often used to pretreat pulp to neutralize the negative dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS), increasing the effectiveness of the subsequently added cationic DSA. However, in many cases, the negativity of the fibers is also neutralized by the ATC. Under such circumstances, it remains unclear to what degree the effectiveness of the DSA will be affected. In this paper, a deinked pulp was first pre-treated with a polyamine ATC; then, the effectiveness of two subsequently-added DSAs, anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) and cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM), were compared. Results showed that when the ATC was used alone, it deteriorated paper formation, resulting in a decrease of paper strength. When the DSAs were used alone, the CPAM was effective but the APAM was not. However, when the ATC was used to pretreat the pulp, the effectiveness of the CPAM clearly decreased, while that of the APAM clearly increased. The reason for this could be that the adsorption of APAM onto fibers was promoted by the pretreatment of ATC, possibly through the formation of an ATC and APAM polyelectrolyte complex.


Anionic trash catcher (ATC); Dry strength agent; Polyamine; Dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS); Polyelectrolyte complexes

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126