Transitional Properties of Cotton Fibers from Cellulose I to Cellulose II Structure

Yiying Yue, Guangping Han, Qinglin Wu

Abstract


Mercerized fibers were prepared from native cotton fabrics via NaOH solution treatment at different concentrations. Mercerization led to transformation of the crystal structure of cotton fibers from cellulose I to II when the NaOH concentration was greater than 10 wt%. In addition, the cotton fibers were converted into a swollen and rough state after mercerization treatment. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and wide-angle X-ray diffraction indicated that the cellulose molecular structure changed (e.g. the degree of disorder of O-H stretching vibration increased, while the crystallinity index decreased) in the process of mercerization. Thermogravimetric analysis determined that the cellulose II fibers were more thermally stable than the cellulose I fibers. The mechanical properties of cellulose fiber-reinforced polyethylene oxide (PEO) composites showed that both original and mercerized cotton fibers enhanced the tensile strength of the PEO matrix. These properties directly contributed to the advantages of mercerized textile products (e.g. higher luster, holds more dye, more effectively absorbs perspiration, and tougher under different washing conditions).

Keywords


Cotton fiber; Cellulose I; Cellulose II; Mercerization; Properties

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