Hot Water Extraction of Corn Stover: Hemicellulose Fractionation and its Effect on Subsequent Soda-AQ Pulping

Heli Cheng, Jinling Li, Qinghua Feng, Huaiyu Zhan, Yimin Xie

Abstract


Fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass is an important process in producing biofuels. In this study, hot water extraction of corn stover hemicellulose was carried out at 150, 160, and 170 °C. Variations of sugar content in the hydrolysate under different holding time were detected. The contents of furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde generated during the extraction were also determined. Results showed that the main composition of the hydrolysate was xylo-oligosaccharide; the yield of oligosaccharides first increased as holding time was prolonged. After extraction at 160 °C for 210 min, 70.2% of the total xylan was dissolved, with the generation of furfural (0.90 g/L) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (0.10 g/L). The effects of extraction on alkali pulping and bleaching were also investigated. Results indicated that soda-AQ pulp obtained from the extracted material had poorer tensile and burst strengths but better tear strength.

Keywords


Hemicellulose; Hot water extraction; Xylan; Pulping

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