Biological Pretreatment with White Rot Fungi and Their Co-Culture to Overcome Lignocellulosic Recalcitrance for Improved Enzymatic Digestion

Wei Wang, Tongqi Yuan, Baokai Cui

Abstract


Three white rot fungi (Lenzites betulinus, Trametes orientalis, and Trametes velutina) as well as their respective paired cultures were used to pretreat Populus tomentosa for enhanced lignocellulosic degradation and enzymatic hydrolysis. Hemicellulose and cellulose were slightly degraded, while a maximum lignin degradation of 58% was caused by T. velutina during the 12-week cultivation. After the pretreated samples were subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis for 96 h, the reducing sugar released by T. orientalis at week 12 was as high as 41%, which was in line with the lignin loss at 2.2 times the control sample. Overall, the monocultures of white-rot fungi exhibited better degradation and saccharification of woody biomass than their co-culture. This can be attributed to the partial removal of lignin and hemicellulose, with an associated increase of cellulose accessibility to enzymes.

Keywords


Co-culture; Biological pretreatment; Enzymatic hydrolysis; Ethanol; Woody biomass

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