Production of 2,5-Diformylfuran from Biomass-derived Glucose via One-Pot Two-Step Process

Shengqiang Zhang, Weifeng Li, Xianhai Zeng, Yong Sun, Lu Lin


As a furan derivative from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) or other biomass-based carbohydrates, 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF) is one of the most important platform molecules in the organic chemicals industry. Although it has many potential applications in the future, the production of DFF on a large scale is currently a challenge. As an alternative to the production of DFF from HMF, the target product DFF could be obtained from biomass-derived glucose with a complex catalytic system (AlCl3•6H2O/NaBr and a vanadium compound assisted with molecular oxygen) carried out in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). In this research, reactions were conducted in reactors with different capacities. The results showed that DFF yields based on glucose could reach 35 to 48% with almost complete transformation of glucose. This one-pot two-step reaction is characterized by the abundance and low cost of the starting materials and by the elimination of the separation and purification of HMF. This has great potential for applications in the future production of DFF on a large scale after further advancements and optimizations.


Glucose; Oxidation; 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural; 2,5-Diformylfuran; Biomass

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