Physicochemical Properties of Pineapple Plant Waste Fibers from the Leaves and Stems of Different Varieties

Muhammad Fakhri Zainuddin, Rosnah Shamsudin, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, Dahlan Ismail


Pineapple agro-waste, the residue produced during harvesting or processing activities, is widely available around the world. After harvesting, most pineapple residue is disposed of and serves as fertilizer, or is burnt in an open field. However, these methods are not only ineffective, but also contribute to air pollution. The main objective of this study is to determine the physicochemical properties (i.e., cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, proximate composition, dry matter, and nitrogen content), of leaves and stems in different varieties (MD2, Moris, and Josapine) of the pineapple plant waste. The data obtained were analyzed using thermogravimetry analysis and proximate analysis. The results showed that the stems and leaves of different varieties exhibit different percentages in lignocellulosic content (hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin). Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents were available in the leaves and stems of pineapple plant of different varieties.


Physico-chemical properties; Pineapple plant; Waste

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126