Improved Water Resistance of Soybean Meal-based Adhesive with SDS and PAM

Haixin Xu, Jing Luo, Qiang Gao, Shifeng Zhang, Jianzhang Li


In a previous study, a soybean meal-based adhesive was developed by mixing soybean meal flour with a self-made cross-linking agent. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of retention agents on the properties of the adhesive. Soybean meal flour (together with a cross-linking agent) and two kinds of additives (SDS and cationic PAM) were used to develop the soybean meal-based adhesive. The water resistance of the adhesive was measured by testing the wet shear strength of the resulting three-ply plywood samples and the residual rate of the different adhesives themselves. The apparent viscosities of the adhesives were also measured. Cross sections of the cured adhesives were imaged with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results showed that adding 0.5% SDS to the adhesive formulation improved its wet shear strength by 38.6%, from 0.83 to 1.15 MPa, and increased the residual rate by 1.3%, from 76.5 to 77.5%. Adding 0.01% PAM improved the water resistance of the adhesive by 38.6%, from 0.83 to 1.15 MPa, and increased the residual rate by 2.2%, from 76.5 to 78.2%. Adding 0.2% SDS and 0.01% PAM together improved the water resistance of the adhesive by 55.4%, from 0.83 to 1.29 MPa. The plywood bonded with the soybean meal/SDS/PAM adhesive met interior plywood requirements. SEM results showed fewer holes and cracks on the cross section of the cured adhesive with the addition of SDS and PAM.


Soybean meal adhesive; Plywood; Viscosity; Wet shear strength; SEM

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