Changes in Chemical Composition and Microstructure of Bamboo after Gamma Ray Irradiation

Fengbo Sun, Zehui Jiang, Qining Sun, Fang Lu

Abstract


Changes in bamboo composition and microstructure following 60Co gamma (γ) ray irradiation were investigated by solid state 13C cross-polarization (CP) magic-angle spinning (MAS) spectroscopic nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry (NMR) and a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The results indicated that irradiation doses lower than 100 KGy resulted in the degradation of hemicelluloses via scission of molecular chains, but there was also repolymerization and condensation in lignin. Irradiation doses higher than 100 KGy resulted in the degradation of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin by significant oxidation reaction and partial scission of biopolymer chains to yield more small fragments with carbonyl groups.

Keywords


Gamma rays; NMR; Cellulose; Lignin; Composition; Microstructural analysis

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