Thermal Stability and Thermodynamics of Xylanase from Melanocarpus albomyces in Presence of Polyols and Salts

Gupteshwar Gupta, Vikram Sahai, Rajinder K. Gupta

Abstract


An extracellular xylanase from the thermophilic fungus Melanocarpus albomyces IIS 68 was evaluated for its activity and stability in the presence of polyols and salts at 60 °C, and found to be an effective protecting agent for thermal deactivation of enzyme. Response surface methodology was employed to study the synergistic effects of glycerol and NaCl (thermo-stabilizers) for xylanase stability. The addition of these thermo-stabilizers resulted in more than a 10-fold increment in enzyme half-life. Activation energy (Ea) and thermodynamic parameters such as ∆H, ∆G, and ∆S were calculated for the thermal inactivation of free and immobilized xylanase. The immobilized enzyme underwent substantially less conformational changes because of its enhanced stability and increased compactness, providing better thermo-stability at elevated temperatures. These findings suggest that the combined effect of glycerol and sodium chloride serves as a potential stabilizer for extracellular thermophilic xylanase, which finds commercial application in many industries, especially in the pulp and paper industry.

Keywords


Polyols; Response surface methodology; Thermo-stabilizers; Thermodynamic; Xylanase

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