Effect of Drying Conditions on the Collapse-prone Wood of Eucalyptus urophylla

Lin Yang, HongHai Liu, Yingchun Cai, Kazuo Hayashi, Zhihui Wu

Abstract


Collapse is considered one of the most severe defects that can occur during the drying of eucalyptus, resulting in drying degradation. Liquid tension is one of the reasons for the collapse. Some transient-collapse cells can be recovered upon the disappearance of liquid tension, when moisture content is reduced during the drying process. How to control collapse and help its recovery are key factors of drying technology. This supports the introduction of a kind of sequential drying technology to the drying process. Thus, several intermittent drying procedures were used in this study. Measurements of shrinkage and collapse were made on Eucalyptus urophylla under continuous drying as well as several kinds of intermittent drying. Key factors of the intermittent drying schedule, observed for their effect on collapse recovery, were the length of the drying periods and temperature during the intermittent periods. The microstructure of collapse under different drying schedules was examined at the cellular level using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This confirmed that intermittent drying conditions can help collapsed cells recover more thoroughly than continuous drying conditions.

Keywords


Continuous drying; Intermittent drying; Collapse; Total shrinkage; Microstructure; Eucalyptus

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