Concentration and Distribution of Nuclei and Plastids in Xylem Cells in Cunninghamia lanceolata and Aquilaria sinensis

Rong Zhang, Kuiwu Xu, Kelin Ye

Abstract


After programmed cell death (PCD), heartwood formation, storage, and processing, wood DNA degradation occurs to varying degrees. The concentration and distribution of nuclei and plastids in xylem cells of Cunninghamia lanceolata and Aquilaria sinensis, treated under different conditions of processing and storing, were studied by analyzing the distribution frequency, area, and signal intensity, in specimens that had been stained with aceto-carmine, DAPI, and I2-KI. Most of the nuclei and plastids were present in the ray cells, and a small quantity of nuclei and plastids were present in the axial parenchyma cells. There was an indication that the concentration of the remaining nuclei and plastids in the xylem cells was mainly affected by the xylem heartwood formation, storage time, and temperature. The nuclei and plastids content of the sapwood was greater than that of the heartwood. However, the nuclei and plastids content of the fresh wood was greater than that of the processed and stored wood. An estimation of the quantity of nuclei and plastids using staining methods could provide a direct basis for the appropriate selection of a procedure for DNA extraction.

Keywords


Nuclei; Plastid; Xylem; Aceto-carmine; DAPI; I2-KI

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126