Effects of Modified Cooking on Fiber Wall Structure of E. globulus and E. nitens

Rudine Antes, Olli Pekka Joutsimo

Abstract


This work examined the impact of SuperBatch™ (SB), CompactCooking™ (CC), and Lo-Solids™ (LS) modified kraft pulping on the fiber wall structure of unbleached and bleached unrefined pulps of E. globulus and E. nitens. The kappa number target for all pulps was 17 ± 0.5. It was found that E. nitens had higher water retention values (WRVs) and fiber saturation point (FSP) for both bleached and unbleached pulps versus E. globulus. Fibril lateral aggregates width of unbleached pulps increased as WRV increased. After bleaching there was an inverse trend in correlation of WRV versus the lateral fibril aggregate width. The modified cooking methods or wood species did not have an influence on lateral fibril aggregate width. The higher WRV and FSP values for E. nitens were not reflected in the cumulative pore volume measurements including pore widths below 216 nm.

Keywords


Modified cooking method; Eucalyptus globulus; Eucalyptus nitens; Water retention value; Fiber saturation point; Fiber wall structure; Cumulative pore volume; SuperBatch; CompactCooking; Lo-Solids

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126