Delignification of Lignocellulosic Biomass and Its Effect on Subsequent Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Junyeong Park, Heenae Shin, Seunghyun Yoo, Justin O. Zoppe, Sunkyu Park


The effect of delignification on the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass was investigated to determine how different delignification processes affect enzymatic hydrolysis conversion yields. Oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium chlorite treatments were performed, and the structural and chemical changes in the biomass were evaluated. Sodium chlorite delignification proved the most effective process to remove lignin in hardwood samples, followed by oxygen delignification. Hydrogen peroxide delignification was not as effective as the other two methods. As for the enzymatic conversion of carbohydrates after delignification processes on hardwood, oxygen and sodium chlorite treatments substantially improved conversion yields as the number of successive treatments was increased, compared to untreated hardwood samples. Changes in α-cellulose after delignification were less substantial than those of hardwood samples, and corresponding conversion yields were also lower. Delignification-induced structural changes in treated substrates might be responsible for the changes in carbohydrate conversion yield observed following subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis.


Delignification; Enzymatic hydrolysis; Water retention value

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126