Hot-Air/Hot-Steam Process for the Production of Laccase-Mediator-System Bound Wood Fiber Insulation Boards

Markus Euring, Alexander Kirsch, Alireza Kharazipour

Abstract


In this study, a new technical process for hardening wood fiber insulation boards is introduced. During the dry-process, the fibers are usually glued with polymeric-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (pMDI) and hardened to wood fiber insulation boards using a steam-air mixture. However, the maximum temperature reached in the steam-air process was 100 °C, and it was impossible to use an alternative binding agent for the gluing of the wood fiber insulation boards other than pMDI. When incubated with laccase-mediator-system (LMS) as a naturally based bonding system, temperatures of over 120 °C are required because of the chemical wood composition, especially the lignin. In this case, the hot-air/hot-steam process offers new technical opportunities for realizing temperatures above 100 °C. In this study, wood fiber insulation boards were glued with LMS, vs. reference boards with inactivated LMS, laccase alone, and 4% pMDI. Then, the boards were hardened using one of three processes: with steam-air mixture, with hot-air, and with hot-air/hot-steam. Through the hot-air/hot-steam process, temperatures of well over 120 °C were attainable. All the insulation boards hardened using the hot-air/hot-steam process showed better physical and technical properties than those hardened with steam-air mixture or hot-air alone. The reason for this is a sudden increase of temperature after the adding of steam because high temperatures insure that the LMS activated wood fiber surface lignins are completely plasticized. As a result the physical-technological properties such as internal bond strength, compression strength, and short term water absorption of insulation boards treated with LMS were comparable to those boards treated with 4% pMDI.

Keywords


Hot-steam/hot-air process; Wood insulation boards; Laccase-mediator-system; pMDI

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126