Microstructural, Thermal, and Tensile Characterization of Banana Pseudo-stem Fibers Obtained with Mechanical, Chemical, and Enzyme Extraction

Shuying Xu, Chunrong Xiong, Wei Tan, Yucang Zhang

Abstract


Banana pseudo-stem fibers (BPSFs) have desirable tensile properties. In this study, BPSFs were extracted using mechanical, chemical, and enzymatic methods. The aim was to evaluate the effect of these three extraction methods on the tensile, thermal, and morphological properties of BPSFs. Microstructural analysis showed the presence of structural and arch fibers in banana pseudo-stem (BPS). The average tensile strength and elongation for mechanically, chemically, and enzyme-extracted BPSFs were 210, 333, and 235 MPa, and 0.8%, 1.6%, and 1.4%, respectively. Young’s modulus was enhanced by 19.1% in the mechanically extracted BPSFs compared with that of chemically extracted BPSFs. The morphology of BPSFs was correlated with their tensile properties via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image analysis. Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses of fibers showed that chemically extracted BPSFs contained less hemicellulose and lignin with a crystallinity index of 61.2%. Chemically extracted BPSFs exhibited enhanced thermal properties over mechanically extracted BPSFs. Mechanically extracted BPSFs demonstrated similar thermal and tensile properties to chemically and enzyme-extracted BPSFs. Thus, mechanically extracted BPSFs could act as highly suitable reinforcing agents in bio-based composite material preparation. Given that mechanical methods need no chemicals and they are environmentally friendly, such techniques have potential applications.

Keywords


Banana pseudo-stem fibers; Tensile properties; FTIR; XRD; Thermogravimetric analysis

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