The Utilization of Soybean Straw. II. Dissolution & Regeneration of Soybean Straw in LiCl/DMSO

Zhulan Liu, Yunfeng Cao, Zhiguo Wang, Hao Ren, Thomas E. Amidon, Yuanzong Lai

Abstract


Various soybean straw (stem and pod) samples were dissolved in 8% lithium chloride/dimethyl sulfoxide (LiCl/DMSO) following 4 h of planetary ball-milling. The solubility, extractable lignin yield, and crystal structure of the ball-milled soybean straw were greatly affected by the ball-milling pretreatment. The dissolved soybean straw could be regenerated by being poured into excess distilled water under rapid stirring. The total regenerated fraction yield decreased with the increase in the duration of ball-milling. Approximately 10% to 25% of the straw mass was lost in the dissolution-regeneration procedure. For comparison, ethylenediamine (EDA)-pretreated soybean straw was also completely dissolved in 8% LiCl/DMSO to form a homogeneous solution containing 1% straw after 24 h of continuous stirring. The dissolution-regeneration performance of soybean straw submitted to the EDA pretreatment was quite different due to the lack of vigorous ball-milling.

Keywords


Soybean straw; LiCl/DMSO; Ball-milling; Dissolution; Regeneration

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126