Preparation and Characterization of Cassava Leaves/ Cassava Starch Acetate Biocomposite Sheets

Noor Fadzliana Ahmad Sharif, Saiful Izwan Abd Razak, Wan Aizan Wan Abdul Rahman, Nadirul Hasraf Mat Nayan, Abdul Razak Rahmat, Mohd Yazid Yahya

Abstract


Biocomposite packaging sheets made of cassava leaves (CL) and cassava starch acetate (CSA) were successfully prepared in this study, and using the surface impregnation method, the sheets were able to obtain desirable properties. The CL sheets were impregnated with CSA at various concentrations to improve the sheets’ performance. This newly developed packaging material exhibited low moisture uptake and had a viable tear index value when the CSA impregnation level was 6%. Moreover, the sheets’ properties were comparable to that of available paper or plastic sheets, having low moisture uptake, good wetting time and tear strength, smooth sheet formation, and enhanced thermal stability. Using agro-based materials from cassava plants for packaging materials could reduce the dependency on paper- and plastic-based packaging. Suitable utilization of this material includes as bag, carton and wrap.

Keywords


Cassava leaves; Tapioca; Packaging; Starch acetate; Impregnation; Mercerization; Moisture absorption

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