Impregnation of Poly(lactic acid) on Biologically Pulped Pineapple Leaf Fiber for Packaging Materials

Saiful Izwan Abd Razak, Noor Fadzliana Ahmad Sharif, Nadirul Hasraf Mat Nayan, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Mohd Yazid Yahya

Abstract


Newly developed packaging paper made of biopulped pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) and poly(lactic acid)(PLA) was studied. PALF packaging sheets were solvent impregnated with PLA at different concentrations in order to improve their moisture barrier and mechanical performance. With the impregnation of PLA at a concentration of 4%, the packaging material exhibited a low moisture uptake and a high tear index. An electron micrograph of the sample at 4% impregnation revealed uniform and packed PLA reversed microsphere morphology. These results suggest that surface coating via biodegradable polymers, such as PLA, may be utilized for manufacturing packaging materials in industrial applications. This new packaging material could reduce the dependency on wood-based paper and plastic-based packaging.

Keywords


Pineapple leaf fiber; Poly(lactic acid); Coating; Impregnation; Paper; Packaging materials

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