Determination of Strength Characteristics of Construction Timber Strengthened with Carbon and Glass Fibre Composite Using a Destructive Method

Přemysl Šedivka, Jan Bomba, Martin Böhm, Aleš Zeidler


Beams strengthened with a composite material consisting of carbon and glass fibre stabilised with two types of adhesives were evaluated. The primary objective was to determine the technical attributes of joints, the maximum bending strength capacity, deflection, and modulus of elasticity. The reinforcement fibres tested were based on carbon and glass fibre. Epoxy and polyurethane adhesives were used for stabilising the fibres on a spruce timber beam. Composite beams glued in both a prestressed and non-prestressed condition were tested and then compared with non-reinforced control beams. A four-point deflection pursuant to EN 408 (1995) was used in the determination of the strength of the load-bearing construction beams based on composites, consisting of a fibre type, adhesive type, and spruce timber. This approach was applied to define the size of the construction beams and process the measurement results. Reinforcing construction beams with fibres applied in a prestressed condition resulted in an increase in the bending strength capacity by 31.6 to 44.4% compared with a non-reinforced solid timber construction beam. These construction elements, strengthened with carbon and glass fibre composites glued with epoxy and polyurethane adhesives, are suitable for applications that require bending resistance perpendiculary to the glued joint direction.


Composite material; Reinforced wood; Carbon fibres; Glass fibres

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