Effect of Adhesive Spreading Rate on the Performance of Laminated Compressed Oil Palm Trunks

Noor Afeefah Nordin, Othman Sulaiman, Rokiah Hashim, Nurjannah Salim, Mohammed Nasir, Masatoshi Sato, Salim Hiziroglu


The large availability and cheap price of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) trunk makes it an attractive raw material for value-added applications, but its low density and high carbohydrate content are highly undesirable. In this work, oil palm trunk (OPT) was steam-pretreated and compressed at high temperature. The compressed OPT was laminated using polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) using either 250 or 500 g/m2 adhesive spread rate (ASR). Soil burial testing was performed for three months on two different samples to study the deterioration and weight loss by bio-organisms. The laminated, compressed OPT formed with high PVAc ASR was found to be more durable against bio-organisms. The thermal stability of the compressed OPT was studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and it was observed that the weight loss was lower for steam-pretreated samples compared to those without steam pretreatment. Moisture absorption-desorption testing of compressed OPT was performed, and a hysteresis curve was generated. It was found that laminated, compressed OPTs with 500 g/m2 ASR had lower moisture absorption than those with 250 g/m2 ASR.


Durability; Dimensional stability; Thermal stability

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