Synthesis of Cyclodextrin-functionalized Cellulose Nanofibril Aerogel as a Highly Effective Adsorbent for Phenol Pollutant Removal

Fang Zhang, Weibing Wu, Sudhir Sharma, Guolin Tong, Yulin Deng


Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) aerogels with grafted beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) were prepared for the adsorption of phenol pollutants from water. Compared with regular wood fibers, CNF aerogel not only can immobilize more β-CDs, but also it provides higher porosity and a larger specific surface area for phenol absorption. The CNF-CD aerogel becomes mechanically robust through chemical crosslinking. It can be easily separated from water after adsorbing phenol pollutants without complicated centrifugation or filtration. A series of studies on phenol adsorption was conducted. The results indicated that the CNF-CD aerogel prepared with a suspension concentration of 3% (w/w) had the highest adsorption capability. In addition, the CNF-CD aerogel showed an excellent reusability. The results indicated that the CNF-CD aerogel is an environmentally friendly and promising adsorbent for removing phenol pollutants from water.


Adsorption; Aerogel; Nanofibrillar cellulose; Beta-cyclodextrin; Phenol pollutants; Water treatment

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126