Methylated Fatty Acids from Heartwood and Bark of Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Picea abies, and Larix decidua: Effect of Strong Acid Treatment

Mohamed Zidan Mohamed Salem, Ramadan A. Nasser, Aleš Zeidler, Hosam O. Elansary, Ibrahim M. Aref, Martin Böhm, Hayssam M. Ali, Abdalla I. Ahmed

Abstract


Methylated fatty acid (FA) compounds in the heartwood and bark of some softwood species, specifically Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Picea abies, and Larix decidua, grown in the Czech Republic were evaluated. Strong H2SO4 was used for methylation of the lipids. The highest content of lipid was found in P. abies bark (40.132 mg/g o.d. sample), and the lowest content was in A. alba wood (11.027 mg/g o.d. sample). The highest concentration of FAs was observed in L. decidua bark. The highest percentages of FAs in wood of P. sylvestris were arachidic acid and oleic acid. In bark, the highest percentages of FAs were stearic acid, palmitic acid, and oleic acid. The FAs with the highest concentrations in A. alba wood were arachidic acid, palmitic acid, pentadecanoic acid, and margarinic, and those in bark were behenic acid, lignoceric acid, and arachidic acid. P. abies wood FAs showed arachidic acid, palmitic acid, and margarinic acid, and the bark contained lignoceric acid and arachidic acid. The FAs of L. decidua wood were arachidic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid, and in bark they were pentacosylic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), lignoceric acid, arachidic acid, and behenic acid. The lack of typically dominant unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. 18:1, 18:2), compared to literature values were attributed to the application of strong acid for the hydrolysis.

Keywords


Chemical composition; Fatty acids; Strong acid; Wood; Bark; Pinus sylvestris; Abies alba; Picea abies; Larix decidua

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