GC/MS Analysis of Oil Extractives from Wood and Bark of Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Picea abies, and Larix decidua

Mohamed Zidan Mohamed Salem, Aleš Zeidler, Martin Böhm, Mervat E. A. Mohamed, Hayssam M. Ali

Abstract


Wood and bark oil extractives components (OECs) of Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Picea abies, and Larix decidua grown in the Czech Republic were analyzed using gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The analysis showed the presence of monoterpene, sesquiterpene, diterpenoids, and resin acids. The highest percentages of OECs in the wood of P. sylvestris were α-fenchyl alcohol (26.04%), D-fenchyl alcohol (12.39%), and L-borneol (8.81%); the OECs in the bark included α-methyl-γ-butyrolactone (31.88%) and isodecyl octyl phthalate (15.85%). The most frequently occurring OEC in A. alba wood were 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (73.36%), α-cedrol (10.08%), and 2,6-dimethyl-1,3,6-heptatriene (7.35%); the most OECs in the bark were di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (59.83%), methyl cyclopentane (16.63%), and 13-epimanool (6.31%). P. abies wood OECs included 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (29.42%), α-cedrol (26.98%), ∆3-carene (6.08%), and terpinen-4-ol (5.42%); the most OECs in the bark were di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (30.91%), cyclohexane (12.89%), caryophyllene oxide (8.90%), and α-pinene (4.59%). OECs of L. decidua wood were α-terpineol (26.06%), isoborneol (14.12%), camphene (11.78%), D-fenchyl alcohol (10.39%), and larixol (4.85%); OECs in the bark were larixol (33.29%), phthalic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (16.96%), 13-epimanool (15.40%), and cyclohexane (8.44%).

Keywords


Chemical composition; Oil extractives, Wood; Bark; Pinus sylvestris; Abies alba; Picea abies; Larix decidua

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