Mechanical Evaluation of Laminates Based on Phenolic Resins using Lignins as Partial Substitutes for Phenol

María Eugenia Taverna, Rocío Ollearo, Juan Morán, Verónica Nicolau, Diana Estenoz, Patricia Frontini


Reducing the consumption of phenol during synthesis of phenolic resins is of great technological and scientific interest because of its economic and environmental implications. In this work, the use of hydroxymethylated lignins as a partial replacement for phenol in resol phenol-formaldehyde resins used for the production of decorative laminates was experimentally studied. The work involved: i) the industrial synthesis of traditional and modified resols with 10%w/w of sodium lignosulfonate and kraft-type lignin; ii) the industrial impregnation of kraft-type paper with the produced resins; iii) the production of laminates on both laboratory and industrial scales; and iv) the measurement of their final properties. The mechanical performance of the laminates was evaluated via the determination of the Young modulus, bending strength, biaxial impact strength, and Mode-I interlaminar fracture toughness. The (modified and traditional) laminates exhibited statistically significant differences in mechanical properties. However, the partial lignin replacement did not produce effects that were detrimental to the overall performance of the decorative laminates.


Laminate; Resol; Lignin; Mechanical properties

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126