Cationization of Corncob Holocellulose as a Paper Strengthening Agent

Weitao He, Meng Wang, Xiaojuan Jin, Xianliang Song


In this paper, milled corncob powder was treated with sodium chlorite to remove lignin, and the resulting holocellulose was optionally modified with cationic agent. The derivative product was investigated using elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The influences of the dosage of the cationic agent, reaction temperature, particle size, dosage of paper strengthening agent, and pH value of the pulp on the paper physical properties were studied. The results indicated that cationic corncob holocellulose can improve the tensile index, burst index, and folding endurance of paper. When the dosage of cationic agent was 25% and the reaction temperature was set to 70 °C, the resulting tensile index, burst index, and folding endurance increased by 7.15%, 13.74%, and 55.95%, respectively, when compared with the control paper. The particle size of the raw material and the dosage of strengthening agent also greatly influenced the paper’s properties. The SEM analysis showed that the combination of fibers improved the strength properties of the paper after adding the strengthening agent. These results provide a method for value-added use of corncob waste.


Corncob; Cationization; Holocellulose; Fiber; Paper properties

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126