Conversion of Glucose into HMF Catalyzed by CPL-LiCl Investigated using Dual-Wavelength UV Spectrophotometry

Yue Yuan, Shuangquan Yao, Shuangxi Nie, Shuangfei Wang


The process of dehydration of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), using caprolactam-lithium chloride (CPL/LiCl) as a solvent, was investigated. Dual-wavelength ultraviolet spectrophotometry provides a new approach for the determination of glucose conversion rate and yield of HMF. Experiments were performed to demonstrate the accuracy and precision of this method. Various reaction parameters, such as the ratio of ionic liquid, reaction temperature, reaction time, catalyst dosage, and solid absorbent, were investigated in detail for the dehydration of glucose. The optimal conditions were explored. Finally, a possible mechanism for the dehydration of fructose to HMF was proposed.


Glucose; Caprolactam-lithium chloride (CPL/LiCl); 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF); Dual wavelength UV spectrophotometry

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126