Green Synthesis and Stability Evaluation of Ag Nanoparticles Using Bamboo Hemicellulose

Peng Hong, Yang Liu, Wenyi Peng, Jinsheng Zhang, Roger Ruan

Abstract


The unique physico-chemical properties of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have opened up the opportunity for their use in many promising physico-chemical and biomedical applications. In this study, an economically feasible approach to green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) is described using hemicellulose from bamboo. Simultaneously, glucose was used as the reducing agent, and distilled water was used as the reaction medium. UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to investigate the surface plasmon behavior, morphology, and particle size of the Ag NPs. Hemicellulose alone could not reduce Ag+ to Ag0. The formation rate of the nanoparticles was accelerated when high amounts of glucose were added. Small particle sizes were obtained when high concentrations of hemicellulose were used. The stability of the Ag NPs synthesized using different concentrations of hemicellulose from 0.5 mg/mL to 8.0 mg/mL was also evaluated. Higher initial hemicellulose concentrations produced more stable Ag NPs. The average particle sizes of the NPs after storing for 160 days at 4 °C were still smaller than 10 nm when the initial hemicellulose concentrations were 6.0 and 8.0 mg/mL.

Keywords


Hemicellulose; Ag nanoparticles; Glucose; Particle size; Stability

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126