Evaluation of the Dyeing Properties of Basswood Veneer Treated by Dichlorotriazine Reactive Dye Based on Gray Correlation Analysis

Jihang Hu, Ying Li, Liu Yi, Hongwu Guo, Li Li

Abstract


The dyeing properties of basswood veneer treated by dichlorotriazine reactive dye in a dip dyeing method were evaluated. The effects of dye concentration, dyeing temperature and time, volume ratio, and dyeing agent were observed relative to the dye-uptake and K/S, using gray correlation analysis. Results showed that various dip dyeing factors had remarkable influences on dye-uptake and K/S, especially dyeing temperature and volume ratio. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) results indicated that reactive dyes were successfully combined with basswood and diffused into the wood fiber lumens and ray cells. Furthermore, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) demonstrated that the residue of dyed veneer was higher than undyed, and the temperature at maximum degradation rate of dyed and undyed veneer was different.

Keywords


Wood dyeing; Dichlorotriazine reactive dye; Gray correlation analysis

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