Cellulose Nanocrystals Prepared by Persulfate One-Step Oxidation of Bleached Bagasse Pulp

Chao Du, Mengru Liu, Binyun Li, Hailong Li, Qijun Meng, Huaiyu Zhan


This article describes a novel one-step method to prepare cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) from bleached bagasse pulp via ammonium persulfate (APS) oxidation. The obtained persulfate oxidation cellulose nanocrystals (POCNs) were characterized for their microstructure, crystal properties, and chemical composition. The POCNs were successfully prepared with a total yield of 44.6%. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements indicated that the POCNs had an average length of 150 to 300 nm and an average width of 10 to 30 nm, as well as a rod-like morphology. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the introduction of carboxyl groups on the surface of cellulose. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra proved the existence of cellulose type I, with a highly crystalline nature (79.2%), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the thermal stability decreased.


Cellulose nanofibers; Oxidation; Ammonium persulfate; Characterization

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126